Allotments and community gardens

Providing spaces for food growing, such as allotments and urban farming, as well as community gardens is one way in which nature-based solutions can engage civil society.

Blue areas

A diverse range of blue spaces, from coastal areas to wetlands, lakes, ponds and canals are commonly found in urban areas and provide the location for nature-based solutions.

Building green

One of the most visible forms of nature-based solutions used in cities, this includes green roofs, green walls or facades, as well as balconies.

Derelict areas

Not all nature in cities is managed. Abandoned and derelict spaces also provide space for nature-based solutions.

Green areas for water management

Water management in cities now involves the use of green infrastructure such as rain gardens, swales and sustainable urban drainage systems.

Green indoor areas

Nature-based solutions do not only take place outdoors! There are indoor vertical gardens and atriums used to develop nature-based solutions.

Parks and (semi) natural urban green spaces

Cities have traditionally managed nature in the city through urban parks, gardens and forests. There is an increasing interest in developing green ‘corridors’ that link green spaces in cities together.

Urban green areas connected to grey infrastructure

Nature-based solutions often exist alongside existing infrastructures, such as street trees, railroads, parking lots and riverbanks. School playgrounds and domestic gardens are also important sites for urban nature.