Utrecht

The municipality has invested much in restoring the original canal structure, which in the 1970s was partly removed in order to create space for grey infrastructure (roads, a planned motorway that eventually was not built, offices etc.). To date, the municipality is planning a large-scale transformation of a former industrial area of over 11 km along the Merwede and the Amsterdam-Rhine Canals close to the city centre into a healthy and sustainable residential area for 6,000 – 15,000 new residents (the so-called city Island). As key challenges the municipality identified intensified heat stress and flood risks due to climate change. The existing and planned green-blue infrastructure of the area facilitate high-density building and measures for climate adaptation. The direct connections with valuable natural landscapes surrounding the city enable the development of local ecosystems and biodiversity. The green-blue infrastructure will also serve as nature-based solutions facilitate sports, recreation, social cohesion, biodiversity, air quality, reduction in noise, water cleaning, cooling, and (temporal) water storage.

Country: 
Netherlands
Total population (2011): 
315851
Size: 
City
Urban Audit code 2011: 
NL004C1
Share of green urban areas and forests (2012): 
9.10% of land area
Population without green urban areas in their neighbourhood (% of total population): 
2.20% of total population
Unemployment; Mean/Average 2008-2015&Proxies (PL,RO, SI, CY): 
4.20