Location: Göteborg, Sweden
City population: 526,212
Project duration: 2009 - 2019
Project cost: Above 4 000 000 EUR
Financing source(s): Public national budget, Public local authority's budget

Kvillebäcken – First green district

Kvillebäcken – First green district

"Kvillebäcken is the first urban district in Gothenburg built according to the new environmental demands. Traffic and buildings will be adapted to a more environmentally sustainable community, where no inhabitants will be dependent on transport by car. Housing and commercial buildings will meet strict demands on energy balance, indoor environment, healthy materials, protection from noise and moisture, greenery in the courtyards, and surface water management. New environmental technology solutions will be used in the district, such as efficient collection of household waste and covered bicycle parking. New solutions will also meet strict demands on economic and social sustainability." (Ref. 1)

Urban setting

  • Grey infrastructure with green features
    • Alley and street trees/hedges/greens
    • Other
  • Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
    • Pocket parks / neighbourhood green spaces

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Social justice, cohesion and equity (SDG 10)
  • Water management (SDG 6)

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Citizens or community groups
Project objectives
“To build a resource-efficient and environmentally-friendly area where energy use is minimized through smart construction technology, materials selection, installations and the ability of residents to influence. The ambition is that Kvillebäcken will be an example of sustainable urban development. Kvillebäcken will be a display window to showcase the cutting edge technology and smart solutions for energy, waste, transport and water that the stakeholders develop.” (Ref. 6) Furthermore, “housing should be mixed with places, squares and green spaces for recreation as well as elements of trade and activities." (Ref. 3) Goals set up in accordance with application for funds in 2010 are: 1. "Increase in the recovery of household waste organic waste. 2. Low energy house with tomorrow's district heating. 3. Environmental Shuttles. 4. Bike wardrobes. 5. Energy efficient technology for heavy vehicles.” (Ref. 3)
Implementation activities
By 2011, measures such as collection for recovery of organic waste, spread information about business-driven sustainable development, and increase knowledge exchange regarding sustainable urban development and waste vehicles equipped with MDE (Methane diesel engine) technology where bought. (Ref. 7) Many cycling initiatives are made. Residents are already farming (urban farming) in demolition areas, with the aim to increase knowledge and awareness of what urban farming/cultivation can contribute with, and also aiming to facilitate meetings between people. Buildings follow Göteborg's programme for environmentally sound construction, and the environmental performance is high in Kvillebäcken. (Ref. 4) E.g. a park is designed as an elongated room and includes playgrounds, barbecue area, sitting places. Additionally, several types of trees have been planted. (Ref. 9)

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government / municipality

Management set-up

Co-governance or hybrid governance (mix of responsibilities between government and non-government actors)

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Co-planning
Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project
The landowners formed a consortium, the Kvillebäck Consortium (Kvillenbäckskonsortiet), which consist of BF Veidekke, Derome, HSB, Ivar Kjellberg, NCC, Wal-lenstam och Älvstranden Utveckling. The key actors, togheter with Kvillebäck Consortium, are Göteborg Energy, Business Region Göteborg, Renova, Vechicle Gas in West (Fordonsgas i Väst), the municipal City building office (Stadsbyggnadskontoret), the Traffic office; and the measures are being developed in cooperation with e.g. Volvo, Envac, Västtrafik, Chalmers. Researchers from the University of Göteborg have also been involved in the design and evaluation of the dialogue processes carried out prior to planning the area. (Ref. 3, 8)
Project implemented in response to ...
... an EU policy or strategy? Yes
In 2006, focus groups were carried out with actors from the business sector in the area, this was done within the framework of the EU Waterfront Communities Project. (Ref. 3)
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Yes
The Backplansområdet (Backplan-area), which Kvillenbäcken is a part of, was pointed out in the comprehensive plan of the city of Göteborg, as one of five strategic points where a dense, mixed urban development with good qualities and good accessibility is sought. (Ref. 3)
Expected impacts
  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Economic development and decent employment (SDG 8)
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
Details on impacts and indicators used The ambition: a socially, ecologically and economically sustainable city district. (Ref. 11)

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool



Disclaimer: The data collection was carried out between June and August 2017, the information presented has not been updated afterwards.