Location: Hamburg, Germany
City population: 1,698,688
Project duration: 2013 - ongoing
Project cost: Above 4 000 000 EUR
Financing source(s): Public national budget, Public local authority's budget

Green Network Hamburg

Grünes Netzwerk Hamburg

While Hamburg has already had an impressive green infrastructure, now it is planning a more interconnected green network that will cover the 40 % of its area and support commuting by bike, recreation and climate change resilience. The project aims to connect the two green belts, parks, recreational areas, cemeteries and animal habitats to each other with green paths and with the already existing axes leading from the agglomeration to the urban core. The green network could not only absorb CO2 but also prevent flood by soaking up an increased amount of rain water caused by superstorms (Reference 1, 2).

Urban setting

  • Grey infrastructure with green features
    • Institutional green space
    • Riverbank greens
  • Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
    • Large urban park or forest
    • Pocket parks / neighbourhood green spaces
    • Green corridor
  • Blue areas
    • River/stream/canal/estuary
  • Green areas for water management
    • Sustainable urban drainage systems
  • Derelict areas
    • Abandoned and derelict spaces with growth of wilderness or green features

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Economic development and decent employment (SDG 8)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Water management (SDG 6)

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Researchers/University
  • Citizens or community groups
Project objectives
- increasing climate-change resilience - limit the effects of floods - making the city more pedestrian and biker friendly - promoting cycling and commuting by bike - decreasing the use of cars in the city - providing green corridors that support the safe move of animals - attract highly educated and competent people to live in the city - preserve and strengthen Hamburg's 'Green Metropolis' image (Reference 1, 3, 4) - improving key recreational areas - strengthening the Alster-Elbe Green Corridor - connecting the two large park in Winterhude and Harbourg to the green network - improving the landscape axes and two green rings and existing gaps will be closed - improving Volkspark, the Eimsbütteler and the Wilhelmsburger-Dove-Elbe-Axis - implementation of green streets and squares around the Museumsinsel - strengthening the Second Green Ring by closing gaps, improving signposting and links with the adjacent residential areas (Reference 3)
Implementation activities
The development of the Second Green Belt is ongoing (Reference 7).

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government / municipality
  • Researchers / University

Management set-up

Government-led

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Dissemination of information and education
  • Other
Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project
"Currently some 30 city staff are developing the green network, aided by personnel in the city's seven districts. When politicians make the green web a priority, it will be an extensive network indeed, covering some 7,000 hectares" wrote the Guradian in 2014 (Reference 1).
Project implemented in response to ...
... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Yes
The project is supported by the federal government’s “National Urban Development Projects” support programme (Reference 6).
... a local policy or strategy? Yes
The brochure of the project writes that following previous open space concepts "a comprehensive Open Space Concept – the “Open Space Interconnecting System” – was produced as part of the Landscape Programme [Landschaftprogramme Hamburg]. It connects the designated Landscape Axes with the Green Rings. The Landscape Programme was adopted by the city parliament in 1997 as an environmental blueprint. It comprehensively determines Hamburg’s aims for the environment and open space provision". Furthermore, "the »GrünesNetzHamburg« [Green Network Hamburg] is not only an important part of the [city's] Landscape Programme, but can also be found in the latest development plans – Spatial Masterplan and Unitary Development Plan – as a general principle for the protection of Hamburg as a Green Metropolis" (Reference 3).
Expected impacts
  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Economic development and decent employment (SDG 8)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Water management (SDG 6)
Details on impacts and indicators used - overall size of green surfaces in the city - interconnectedness of the green network - decrease of cars in the inner city

Presence of formal monitoring system

Unknown

Presence of indicators used in reporting

Unknown

Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports

Unknown

Availability of a web-based monitoring tool

Unknown
  • Green Network of Hamburg (2016)
    License: 
    Photographer: Axel Iwohn, retrieved 08/22/2018 from Oliver Ristau

 

Disclaimer: The data collection was carried out between June and August 2017, the information presented has not been updated afterwards.