Location: Munich, Germany
City population: 1,346,481
Project duration: unknown - 2005
Project cost: Above 4 000 000 EUR
Financing source(s): Public local authority's budget, Corporate investment

Riemer Park

Riemer Park

In 1995 the city of Munich decided to implement a new green residential district replacing the derelict Munich-Riem airport being closed in 1992. The area was planned to have an intensively used residential area in the north and an extensively used green recreational area in the south. The recreational area was planned to be a 210 hectare large hectare public park , the third biggest in Munich, subdivided into thematic parks and playgrounds. By 2005, 130 hectare green surface had been implemented and a 10 hectare large semi-natural lake, being implemented by pumping underground water to the surface.

Urban setting

  • Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
    • Large urban park or forest
  • Blue areas
    • Lake/pond

Key challenges

  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)

Main beneficiaries

  • Citizens or community groups
Project objectives
- creating a new residential area for the city, which is "compact, urban and green" - taking into consideration recreation, ecology and landscape - providing a recreational area for the citizens of the closer and wider surroundings of the area (Messestadt, Riem-Trudering, and München itself), the third biggest in Munich - creating a model for sustainable urban development - ensuring biotope networks - guaranteeing biodiversity (Reference 1)
Implementation activities
- creating a compact residential area and thus a large public green space could be created (Reference 1) - by 2014 only a 130 hectare of the park was implemented, despite being promoted as the 3rd biggest green area of the city (Reference 4) - creating a 10 hectares large lake - planting local plant species - having altogether 21.400 trees, and 32.800 shrubs and hedgerows - attempting to buy more lands from local farmers for fulfilling the original targets of a 210 ha large public green area (Reference 1, 2)

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government / municipality

Management set-up

Co-governance or hybrid governance (mix of responsibilities between government and non-government actors)

Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Consultation (e.g. workshop, surveys)
  • Other
Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project
The financing of a project Messestadt of Riem would not have been possible within budget of the state capital Munich and thus private companies were involved. The MRG (Munich Reed GmbH) was founded in October 1993 by Bayerische Baubetreuungs GmbH (BABAG) and GBWAG Bayerische Wohnungs-Aktiengesellschaft. The tasks of the MRG include, in particular, the implementation of the technical, social and cultural infrastructure. Besides the construction of roads, it includes the construction of sewage canals and public green spaces, the construction of the Riemerpark, the construction of schools, children's playgrounds and sports facilities (Reference 7).
Project implemented in response to ...
... an EU policy or strategy? Unknown
... a national policy or strategy? Unknown
... a local policy or strategy? Yes
The plans were supervised by the city's Department of Horticulture and Department of Green Planning (Reference 1). The documents of the project refer to the city's sustainable urban development strategy, to the Perspective Munich, which has green strategy as well (Reference 1).
Expected impacts
  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
Details on impacts and indicators used - German Landscape Architecture price of 2005 - it serves as a 400 m wide ventilation corridor that sustains the inner city with fresh air (Reference 1) - it became a popular recreational area (Reference 5) - by 2014 only a 130 hectare of the park was implemented, despite promoted as the 3rd biggest green area of the city (Reference 4) - due to increased human presence, the wild animals that occupied the area when the airport was abandoned, disappeared: as a local writes "[w]hen we moved to the site of the old airport in 1999, we found a nature paradise! Almost every day I saw hares [...] 15 years later, the picture has changed very much. Thousands of people have moved in and use the park for sports and leisure. Ground-nesting birds such as larks and little ringed plovers had no more chance and the hives had almost disappeared" (Reference 3). - according to users' feedback on muenchen.de, the area wasn't sustained and in the last 10 years it seriously downgraded (Reference 5)

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool



Disclaimer: The data collection was carried out between June and August 2017, the information presented has not been updated afterwards.