Location: Timişoara, Romania
City population: 314,823
Project duration: 2001 - 2002
Project cost: Unknown
Financing source(s): Public national budget, Public local authority's budget

Curtain forest at the end of the city

Perdeaua forestiera

The curtain forest at the end of the city is a project that was initiated by the Timisoara's Municipality in 2001 by planting different tree species and creating a barrier for high temperature summers. It's 60 m high and it was designed to stand in front of very strong winds especially since Timisoara is a city located in a very plain area. Now, it comprises 23 hectares and the municipality aims at 50. (2)

Urban setting

  • Parks and (semi)natural urban green areas
    • Large urban park or forest
    • Green corridor

Key challenges

  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)

Main beneficiaries

  • Local government/Municipality
  • Non-government organisation/Civil Society
  • Citizens or community groups
Project objectives
1. To protect the city from the winds, since it is located in a full plain area (2) 2. To create a continuous belt of forests or protection curtains around the city (3) 3. To create a recreational alternative by establishing a forest park, outside of the city (2)
Implementation activities
The area of ​​7 hectares, planted in 2001-2002, is enclosed with barbed wire fence in a length of 2460 ml. The following species were planted: acacia, elm, celtis, maple, ash, oak, lime, yellow acacia, tortuous pine, pine, spruce, owl, dogwood and hawthorn. Planting distance 4x4 and subsequently completed at 2x2. (3) The area of ​​2 ha, planted in autumn 2003 and spring 2004, is enclosed with barbed wire fence in 890 ml. The following species were planted: ash, lime, yellow acacia, acacia, elm, celtis, maple. The area of ​​3.2 ha, planted in autumn 2005, is enclosed with a 890-meter barbed wire fence. The following species were planted: ash, oak, strobe, corcodus, walnut, acacia, poplar and birch. In the spring of 2007, the 3 ha area was planted on a land area of ​​the USAB on both sides of the canal. The width of the forest curtain is 30 m, the planting distance - 2x2. (R.1)

Type of initiating organisation

  • Local government / municipality

Management set-up


Participatory approaches/ community involvement

  • Joint implementation (e.g. tree planting)
Details on the roles of the organisations involved in the project
The forest curtains in Romania are the result of an interesting phenomenon, namely after 1989, due to the Law of retroscession, may forests went from being state owned to private ownership and they were sold or cleared. As such the country found itself to be without forests and so the government had to implement new measures, through each, alongside farmers and regional environmental guards, derelict areas or former forests were populated again. What happened in Timisoara is the result of one of those measures. (1)
Project implemented in response to ...
... an EU policy or strategy? No
... a national policy or strategy? Yes
After 1989, all protection curtains, including the railways and national railways, as well as massive woods, were cleared. Parliament is drafting Law no. 289 of 2002 on forest protection curtains for the Romanian Plain, Dobrogea Plateau, Tisa Plain, Southern Oltenia, etc., and in the Law of the New Forest Code in 2008 there are a number of advantages for the landowners on which these curtains are established. The Government is drafting the Emergency Ordinance no. 38/2014, with amendments to the Law no. 289/2002. Also in 2014, the "National Program for Creating Protection Curtains for Motorways and National Roads" is being elaborated. (R.5)
... a local policy or strategy? No
Expected impacts
  • Climate action for adaptation, resilience and mitigation (SDG 13)
  • Green space, habitats and biodiversity (SDG 15)
  • Environmental quality, including air quality and waste management
  • Regeneration, land-use and urban development
  • Health and well-being (SDG 3)
  • Economic development and decent employment (SDG 8)
Details on impacts and indicators used 1. Curtain forests have a recreational role for the neighboring population, provide a favorable environment for the development of fauna, provide nesting conditions for useful birds, create a favorable micro-climate during the high-temperature summers. (5) 2. Curtain forests are sources of industrial and food products (fruits, mushrooms, medicinal products and bee products), improve living conditions, purify the air, soothe the climate, embellish the landscape and improve the water regime.(5)

Presence of formal monitoring system


Presence of indicators used in reporting


Presence of monitoring/ evaluation reports


Availability of a web-based monitoring tool



Disclaimer: The data collection was carried out between June and August 2017, the information presented has not been updated afterwards.