Climate change is already affecting ecosystems across Europe, with consequences for biodiversity, functioning of ecosystems and people. Climate change impacts are often multiplied in urban areas. As 75% of the EU population is currently living in urban areas innovative approaches to overcome these challenges should be a priority. In this context, nature-based solutions are seen to hold significant promise in enabling the urban transition to sustainability and address urban challenges by exploring nature’s features. Nature-based solutions are deliberate interventions that are inspired or supported by nature. They can be cost-effective and provide environmental, social and economic benefits while also helping to build resilience.